0043. Multiply Strings

# 43. Multiply Strings#

## 题目 #

Given two non-negative integers `num1` and `num2` represented as strings, return the product of `num1` and `num2`, also represented as a string.

Note: You must not use any built-in BigInteger library or convert the inputs to integer directly.

Example 1:

``````Input: num1 = "2", num2 = "3"
Output: "6"
``````

Example 2:

``````Input: num1 = "123", num2 = "456"
Output: "56088"
``````

Constraints:

• `1 <= num1.length, num2.length <= 200`
• `num1` and `num2` consist of digits only.
• Both `num1` and `num2` do not contain any leading zero, except the number `0` itself.

## 解题思路 #

• 用数组模拟乘法。创建一个数组长度为 `len(num1) + len(num2)` 的数组用于存储乘积。对于任意 `0 ≤ i < len(num1)``0 ≤ j < len(num2)``num1[i] * num2[j]` 的结果位于 `tmp[i+j+1]`，如果 `tmp[i+j+1]≥10`，则将进位部分加到 `tmp[i+j]`。最后，将数组 `tmp` 转成字符串，如果最高位是 0 则舍弃最高位。

## 代码 #

``````package leetcode

func multiply(num1 string, num2 string) string {
if num1 == "0" || num2 == "0" {
return "0"
}
b1, b2, tmp := []byte(num1), []byte(num2), make([]int, len(num1)+len(num2))
for i := 0; i < len(b1); i++ {
for j := 0; j < len(b2); j++ {
tmp[i+j+1] += int(b1[i]-'0') * int(b2[j]-'0')
}
}
for i := len(tmp) - 1; i > 0; i-- {
tmp[i-1] += tmp[i] / 10
tmp[i] = tmp[i] % 10
}
if tmp[0] == 0 {
tmp = tmp[1:]
}
res := make([]byte, len(tmp))
for i := 0; i < len(tmp); i++ {
res[i] = '0' + byte(tmp[i])
}
return string(res)
}
``````

Apr 8, 2023