0109. Convert Sorted List to Binary Search Tree

109. Convert Sorted List to Binary Search Tree #

题目 #

Given a singly linked list where elements are sorted in ascending order, convert it to a height balanced BST.

For this problem, a height-balanced binary tree is defined as a binary tree in which the depth of the two subtrees of every node never differ by more than 1.

Example:


Given the sorted linked list: [-10,-3,0,5,9],

One possible answer is: [0,-3,9,-10,null,5], which represents the following height balanced BST:

      0
     / \
   -3   9
   /   /
 -10  5

题目大意 #

将链表转化为高度平衡的二叉搜索树。高度平衡的定义:每个结点的 2 个子结点的深度不能相差超过 1 。

解题思路 #

思路比较简单,依次把链表的中间点作为根结点,类似二分的思想,递归排列所有结点即可。

代码 #


package leetcode

/**
 * Definition for singly-linked list.
 * type ListNode struct {
 *     Val int
 *     Next *ListNode
 * }
 */
/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * type TreeNode struct {
 *     Val int
 *     Left *TreeNode
 *     Right *TreeNode
 * }
 */

// TreeNode define
type TreeNode struct {
	Val   int
	Left  *TreeNode
	Right *TreeNode
}

func sortedListToBST(head *ListNode) *TreeNode {
	if head == nil {
		return nil
	}
	if head != nil && head.Next == nil {
		return &TreeNode{Val: head.Val, Left: nil, Right: nil}
	}
	middleNode, preNode := middleNodeAndPreNode(head)
	if middleNode == nil {
		return nil
	}
	if preNode != nil {
		preNode.Next = nil
	}
	if middleNode == head {
		head = nil
	}
	return &TreeNode{Val: middleNode.Val, Left: sortedListToBST(head), Right: sortedListToBST(middleNode.Next)}
}

func middleNodeAndPreNode(head *ListNode) (middle *ListNode, pre *ListNode) {
	if head == nil || head.Next == nil {
		return nil, head
	}
	p1 := head
	p2 := head
	for p2.Next != nil && p2.Next.Next != nil {
		pre = p1
		p1 = p1.Next
		p2 = p2.Next.Next
	}
	return p1, pre
}


⬅️上一页

下一页➡️

Calendar Sep 6, 2020
Edit Edit this page
本站总访问量:  次 您是本站第  位访问者