0113. Path Sum I I

113. Path Sum II #

题目 #

Given a binary tree and a sum, find all root-to-leaf paths where each path’s sum equals the given sum.

Note: A leaf is a node with no children.

Example:

Given the below binary tree and sum = 22,

      5
     / \
    4   8
   /   / \
  11  13  4
 /  \    / \
7    2  5   1

Return:

[
   [5,4,11,2],
   [5,8,4,5]
]

题目大意 #

给定一个二叉树和一个目标和,找到所有从根节点到叶子节点路径总和等于给定目标和的路径。说明: 叶子节点是指没有子节点的节点。

解题思路 #

  • 这一题是第 257 题和第 112 题的组合增强版

代码 #


package leetcode

/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * type TreeNode struct {
 *     Val int
 *     Left *TreeNode
 *     Right *TreeNode
 * }
 */

// 解法一
func pathSum(root *TreeNode, sum int) [][]int {
	var slice [][]int
	slice = findPath(root, sum, slice, []int(nil))
	return slice
}

func findPath(n *TreeNode, sum int, slice [][]int, stack []int) [][]int {
	if n == nil {
		return slice
	}
	sum -= n.Val
	stack = append(stack, n.Val)
	if sum == 0 && n.Left == nil && n.Right == nil {
		slice = append(slice, append([]int{}, stack...))
		stack = stack[:len(stack)-1]
	}
	slice = findPath(n.Left, sum, slice, stack)
	slice = findPath(n.Right, sum, slice, stack)
	return slice
}

// 解法二
func pathSum1(root *TreeNode, sum int) [][]int {
	if root == nil {
		return [][]int{}
	}
	if root.Left == nil && root.Right == nil {
		if sum == root.Val {
			return [][]int{[]int{root.Val}}
		}
	}
	path, res := []int{}, [][]int{}
	tmpLeft := pathSum(root.Left, sum-root.Val)
	path = append(path, root.Val)
	if len(tmpLeft) > 0 {
		for i := 0; i < len(tmpLeft); i++ {
			tmpLeft[i] = append(path, tmpLeft[i]...)
		}
		res = append(res, tmpLeft...)
	}
	path = []int{}
	tmpRight := pathSum(root.Right, sum-root.Val)
	path = append(path, root.Val)

	if len(tmpRight) > 0 {
		for i := 0; i < len(tmpRight); i++ {
			tmpRight[i] = append(path, tmpRight[i]...)
		}
		res = append(res, tmpRight...)
	}
	return res
}


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