0122. Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock I I

122. Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock II #

题目 #

Say you have an array for which the ith element is the price of a given stock on day i.

Design an algorithm to find the maximum profit. You may complete as many transactions as you like (i.e., buy one and sell one share of the stock multiple times).

Note: You may not engage in multiple transactions at the same time (i.e., you must sell the stock before you buy again).

Example 1:

Input: [7,1,5,3,6,4]
Output: 7
Explanation: Buy on day 2 (price = 1) and sell on day 3 (price = 5), profit = 5-1 = 4.
             Then buy on day 4 (price = 3) and sell on day 5 (price = 6), profit = 6-3 = 3.

Example 2:

Input: [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: 4
Explanation: Buy on day 1 (price = 1) and sell on day 5 (price = 5), profit = 5-1 = 4.
             Note that you cannot buy on day 1, buy on day 2 and sell them later, as you are
             engaging multiple transactions at the same time. You must sell before buying again.

Example 3:

Input: [7,6,4,3,1]
Output: 0
Explanation: In this case, no transaction is done, i.e. max profit = 0.

题目大意 #

给定一个数组,它的第 i 个元素是一支给定股票第 i 天的价格。设计一个算法来计算你所能获取的最大利润。你可以尽可能地完成更多的交易(多次买卖一支股票)。注意:你不能同时参与多笔交易(你必须在再次购买前出售掉之前的股票)。

解题思路 #

  • 这一题是第 121 题的加强版。要求输出最大收益,这一题不止买卖一次,可以买卖多次,买卖不能在同一天内操作。
  • 最大收益来源,必然是每次跌了就买入,涨到顶峰的时候就抛出。只要有涨峰就开始计算赚的钱,连续涨可以用两两相减累加来计算,两两相减累加,相当于涨到波峰的最大值减去谷底的值。这一点看通以后,题目非常简单。

代码 #


package leetcode

func maxProfit122(prices []int) int {
	profit := 0
	for i := 0; i < len(prices)-1; i++ {
		if prices[i+1] > prices[i] {
			profit += prices[i+1] - prices[i]
		}
	}
	return profit
}


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