0236. Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Tree

236. Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Tree #

题目 #

Given a binary tree, find the lowest common ancestor (LCA) of two given nodes in the tree.

According to the  definition of LCA on Wikipedia: “The lowest common ancestor is defined between two nodes p and q as the lowest node in T that has both p and q as descendants (where we allow a node to be a descendant of itself).”

Given the following binary tree: root = [3,5,1,6,2,0,8,null,null,7,4]

Example 1:

Input: root = [3,5,1,6,2,0,8,null,null,7,4], p = 5, q = 1
Output: 3
Explanation: The LCA of nodes 5 and 1 is 3.

Example 2:

Input: root = [3,5,1,6,2,0,8,null,null,7,4], p = 5, q = 4
Output: 5
Explanation: The LCA of nodes 5 and 4 is 5, since a node can be a descendant of itself according to the LCA definition.

Note:

  • All of the nodes’ values will be unique.
  • p and q are different and both values will exist in the binary tree.

题目大意 #

给定一个二叉树, 找到该树中两个指定节点的最近公共祖先。

百度百科中最近公共祖先的定义为:“对于有根树 T 的两个结点 p、q,最近公共祖先表示为一个结点 x,满足 x 是 p、q 的祖先且 x 的深度尽可能大(一个节点也可以是它自己的祖先)。”

解题思路 #

  • 这是一套经典的题目,寻找任意一个二叉树中两个结点的 LCA 最近公共祖先,考察递归

代码 #


package leetcode

/**
 * Definition for TreeNode.
 * type TreeNode struct {
 *     Val int
 *     Left *ListNode
 *     Right *ListNode
 * }
 */
func lowestCommonAncestor236(root, p, q *TreeNode) *TreeNode {
	if root == nil || root == q || root == p {
		return root
	}
	left := lowestCommonAncestor236(root.Left, p, q)
	right := lowestCommonAncestor236(root.Right, p, q)
	if left != nil {
		if right != nil {
			return root
		}
		return left
	}
	return right
}


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