0669. Trim a Binary Search Tree

669. Trim a Binary Search Tree #

题目 #

Given the root of a binary search tree and the lowest and highest boundaries as low and high, trim the tree so that all its elements lies in [low, high]. Trimming the tree should not change the relative structure of the elements that will remain in the tree (i.e., any node’s descendant should remain a descendant). It can be proven that there is a unique answer.

Return the root of the trimmed binary search tree. Note that the root may change depending on the given bounds.

Example 1:

https://assets.leetcode.com/uploads/2020/09/09/trim1.jpg

Input: root = [1,0,2], low = 1, high = 2
Output: [1,null,2]

Example 2:

https://assets.leetcode.com/uploads/2020/09/09/trim2.jpg

Input: root = [3,0,4,null,2,null,null,1], low = 1, high = 3
Output: [3,2,null,1]

Example 3:

Input: root = [1], low = 1, high = 2
Output: [1]

Example 4:

Input: root = [1,null,2], low = 1, high = 3
Output: [1,null,2]

Example 5:

Input: root = [1,null,2], low = 2, high = 4
Output: [2]

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the tree in the range [1, 10^4].
  • 0 <= Node.val <= 10^4
  • The value of each node in the tree is unique.
  • root is guaranteed to be a valid binary search tree.
  • 0 <= low <= high <= 10^4

题目大意 #

给你二叉搜索树的根节点 root ,同时给定最小边界low 和最大边界 high。通过修剪二叉搜索树,使得所有节点的值在[low, high]中。修剪树不应该改变保留在树中的元素的相对结构(即,如果没有被移除,原有的父代子代关系都应当保留)。 可以证明,存在唯一的答案。所以结果应当返回修剪好的二叉搜索树的新的根节点。注意,根节点可能会根据给定的边界发生改变。

解题思路 #

  • 这一题考察二叉搜索树中的递归遍历。递归遍历二叉搜索树每个结点,根据有序性,当前结点如果比 high 大,那么当前结点的右子树全部修剪掉,再递归修剪左子树;当前结点如果比 low 小,那么当前结点的左子树全部修剪掉,再递归修剪右子树。处理完越界的情况,剩下的情况都在区间内,分别递归修剪左子树和右子树即可。

代码 #

package leetcode

import (
	"github.com/halfrost/LeetCode-Go/structures"
)

// TreeNode define
type TreeNode = structures.TreeNode

/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * type TreeNode struct {
 *     Val int
 *     Left *TreeNode
 *     Right *TreeNode
 * }
 */

func trimBST(root *TreeNode, low int, high int) *TreeNode {
	if root == nil {
		return root
	}
	if root.Val > high {
		return trimBST(root.Left, low, high)
	}
	if root.Val < low {
		return trimBST(root.Right, low, high)
	}
	root.Left = trimBST(root.Left, low, high)
	root.Right = trimBST(root.Right, low, high)
	return root
}

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