0830. Positions of Large Groups

830. Positions of Large Groups #

题目 #

In a string s of lowercase letters, these letters form consecutive groups of the same character.

For example, a string like s = "abbxxxxzyy" has the groups "a""bb""xxxx""z", and "yy".

A group is identified by an interval [start, end], where start and end denote the start and end indices (inclusive) of the group. In the above example, "xxxx" has the interval [3,6].

A group is considered large if it has 3 or more characters.

Return the intervals of every large group sorted in increasing order by start index.

Example 1:

Input: s = "abbxxxxzzy"
Output: [[3,6]]
Explanation: "xxxx" is the only large group with start index 3 and end index 6.

Example 2:

Input: s = "abc"
Output: []
Explanation: We have groups "a", "b", and "c", none of which are large groups.

Example 3:

Input: s = "abcdddeeeeaabbbcd"
Output: [[3,5],[6,9],[12,14]]
Explanation: The large groups are "ddd", "eeee", and "bbb".

Example 4:

Input: s = "aba"
Output: []

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 1000
  • s contains lower-case English letters only.

题目大意 #

在一个由小写字母构成的字符串 s 中,包含由一些连续的相同字符所构成的分组。例如,在字符串 s = “abbxxxxzyy” 中,就含有 “a”, “bb”, “xxxx”, “z” 和 “yy” 这样的一些分组。分组可以用区间 [start, end] 表示,其中 start 和 end 分别表示该分组的起始和终止位置的下标。上例中的 “xxxx” 分组用区间表示为 [3,6] 。我们称所有包含大于或等于三个连续字符的分组为 较大分组 。

找到每一个 较大分组 的区间,按起始位置下标递增顺序排序后,返回结果。

解题思路 #

  • 简单题。利用滑动窗口的思想,先扩大窗口的右边界,找到能相同字母且能到达的最右边。记录左右边界。再将窗口的左边界移动到上一次的右边界处。以此类推,重复扩大窗口的右边界,直至扫完整个字符串。最终所有满足题意的较大分组区间都在数组中了。

代码 #

package leetcode

func largeGroupPositions(S string) [][]int {
	res, end := [][]int{}, 0
	for end < len(S) {
		start, str := end, S[end]
		for end < len(S) && S[end] == str {
			end++
		}
		if end-start >= 3 {
			res = append(res, []int{start, end - 1})
		}
	}
	return res
}

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