0958. Check Completeness of a Binary Tree

958. Check Completeness of a Binary Tree #

题目 #

Given the root of a binary tree, determine if it is a complete binary tree.

In a  complete binary tree, every level, except possibly the last, is completely filled, and all nodes in the last level are as far left as possible. It can have between 1 and 2h nodes inclusive at the last level h.

Example 1:

https://assets.leetcode.com/uploads/2018/12/15/complete-binary-tree-1.png

Input: root = [1,2,3,4,5,6]
Output: true
Explanation: Every level before the last is full (ie. levels with node-values {1} and {2, 3}), and all nodes in the last level ({4, 5, 6}) are as far left as possible.

Example 2:

https://assets.leetcode.com/uploads/2018/12/15/complete-binary-tree-2.png

Input: root = [1,2,3,4,5,null,7]
Output: false
Explanation: The node with value 7 isn't as far left as possible.

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the tree is in the range [1, 100].
  • 1 <= Node.val <= 1000

题目大意 #

给定一个二叉树,确定它是否是一个完全二叉树。

百度百科中对完全二叉树的定义如下:

若设二叉树的深度为 h,除第 h 层外,其它各层 (1~h-1) 的结点数都达到最大个数,第 h 层所有的结点都连续集中在最左边,这就是完全二叉树。(注:第 h 层可能包含 1~ 2h 个节点。)

解题思路 #

  • 这一题是按层序遍历的变种题。
  • 判断每个节点的左孩子是否为空。
  • 类似的题目,第 102,107,199 题都是按层序遍历的。

代码 #

package leetcode

import (
	"github.com/halfrost/LeetCode-Go/structures"
)

// TreeNode define
type TreeNode = structures.TreeNode

/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * type TreeNode struct {
 *     Val int
 *     Left *TreeNode
 *     Right *TreeNode
 * }
 */

func isCompleteTree(root *TreeNode) bool {
	queue, found := []*TreeNode{root}, false
	for len(queue) > 0 {
		node := queue[0] //取出每一层的第一个节点
		queue = queue[1:]
		if node == nil {
			found = true
		} else {
			if found {
				return false // 层序遍历中,两个不为空的节点中出现一个 nil
			}
			//如果左孩子为nil,则append进去的node.Left为nil
			queue = append(queue, node.Left, node.Right)
		}
	}
	return true
}

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