1051. Height Checker

1051. Height Checker #

题目 #

Students are asked to stand in non-decreasing order of heights for an annual photo.

Return the minimum number of students that must move in order for all students to be standing in non-decreasing order of height.

Notice that when a group of students is selected they can reorder in any possible way between themselves and the non selected students remain on their seats.

Example 1:

Input: heights = [1,1,4,2,1,3]
Output: 3
Explanation: 
Current array : [1,1,4,2,1,3]
Target array  : [1,1,1,2,3,4]
On index 2 (0-based) we have 4 vs 1 so we have to move this student.
On index 4 (0-based) we have 1 vs 3 so we have to move this student.
On index 5 (0-based) we have 3 vs 4 so we have to move this student.

Example 2:

Input: heights = [5,1,2,3,4]
Output: 5

Example 3:

Input: heights = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: 0

Constraints:

  • 1 <= heights.length <= 100
  • 1 <= heights[i] <= 100

题目大意 #

学校在拍年度纪念照时,一般要求学生按照 非递减 的高度顺序排列。请你返回能让所有学生以 非递减 高度排列的最小必要移动人数。注意,当一组学生被选中时,他们之间可以以任何可能的方式重新排序,而未被选中的学生应该保持不动。

解题思路 #

  • 给定一个高度数组,要求输出把这个数组按照非递减高度排列所需移动的最少次数。
  • 简单题,最少次数意味着每次移动,一步到位,一步就移动到它所在的最终位置。那么用一个辅助排好序的数组,一一比对计数即可。

代码 #


package leetcode

func heightChecker(heights []int) int {
	result, checker := 0, []int{}
	checker = append(checker, heights...)
	sort.Ints(checker)
	for i := 0; i < len(heights); i++ {
		if heights[i] != checker[i] {
			result++
		}
	}
	return result
}


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