1455. Check if a Word Occurs as a Prefix of Any Word in a Sentence

1455. Check If a Word Occurs As a Prefix of Any Word in a Sentence #

题目 #

Given a sentence that consists of some words separated by a single space, and a searchWord.

You have to check if searchWord is a prefix of any word in sentence.

Return the index of the word in sentence where searchWord is a prefix of this word (1-indexed).

If searchWord is a prefix of more than one word, return the index of the first word (minimum index). If there is no such word return -1.

prefix of a string S is any leading contiguous substring of S.

Example 1:

Input: sentence = "i love eating burger", searchWord = "burg"
Output: 4
Explanation: "burg" is prefix of "burger" which is the 4th word in the sentence.

Example 2:

Input: sentence = "this problem is an easy problem", searchWord = "pro"
Output: 2
Explanation: "pro" is prefix of "problem" which is the 2nd and the 6th word in the sentence, but we return 2 as it's the minimal index.

Example 3:

Input: sentence = "i am tired", searchWord = "you"
Output: -1
Explanation: "you" is not a prefix of any word in the sentence.

Example 4:

Input: sentence = "i use triple pillow", searchWord = "pill"
Output: 4

Example 5:

Input: sentence = "hello from the other side", searchWord = "they"
Output: -1

Constraints:

  • 1 <= sentence.length <= 100
  • 1 <= searchWord.length <= 10
  • sentence consists of lowercase English letters and spaces.
  • searchWord consists of lowercase English letters.

题目大意 #

给你一个字符串 sentence 作为句子并指定检索词为 searchWord ,其中句子由若干用 单个空格 分隔的单词组成。请你检查检索词 searchWord 是否为句子 sentence 中任意单词的前缀。

  • 如果 searchWord 是某一个单词的前缀,则返回句子 sentence 中该单词所对应的下标(下标从 1 开始)。
  • 如果 searchWord 是多个单词的前缀,则返回匹配的第一个单词的下标(最小下标)。
  • 如果 searchWord 不是任何单词的前缀,则返回 -1 。

字符串 S 的 「前缀」是 S 的任何前导连续子字符串。

解题思路 #

  • 给出 2 个字符串,一个是匹配串,另外一个是句子。在句子里面查找带匹配串前缀的单词,并返回第一个匹配单词的下标。
  • 简单题。按照题意,扫描一遍句子,一次匹配即可。

代码 #


package leetcode

import "strings"

func isPrefixOfWord(sentence string, searchWord string) int {
	for i, v := range strings.Split(sentence, " ") {
		if strings.HasPrefix(v, searchWord) {
			return i + 1
		}
	}
	return -1
}


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