1539. Kth Missing Positive Number

1539. Kth Missing Positive Number #

题目 #

Given an array arr of positive integers sorted in a strictly increasing order, and an integer k.

Find the kth positive integer that is missing from this array.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [2,3,4,7,11], k = 5
Output: 9
Explanation: The missing positive integers are [1,5,6,8,9,10,12,13,...]. The 5th missing positive integer is 9.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,2,3,4], k = 2
Output: 6
Explanation: The missing positive integers are [5,6,7,...]. The 2nd missing positive integer is 6.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 1000
  • 1 <= arr[i] <= 1000
  • 1 <= k <= 1000
  • arr[i] < arr[j] for 1 <= i < j <= arr.length

题目大意 #

给你一个 严格升序排列 的正整数数组 arr 和一个整数 k 。请你找到这个数组里第 k 个缺失的正整数。

解题思路 #

  • 简单题。用一个变量从 1 开始累加,依次比对数组中是否存在,不存在的话就把 k - -,直到 k 为 0 的时候即是要输出的值。特殊情况,missing positive 都在数组之外,如例子 2 。

代码 #

package leetcode

func findKthPositive(arr []int, k int) int {
	positive, index := 1, 0
	for index < len(arr) {
		if arr[index] != positive {
			k--
		} else {
			index++
		}
		if k == 0 {
			break
		}
		positive++
	}
	if k != 0 {
		positive += k - 1
	}
	return positive
}

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