2043. Simple Bank System

2043. Simple Bank System #

题目 #

You have been tasked with writing a program for a popular bank that will automate all its incoming transactions (transfer, deposit, and withdraw). The bank has n accounts numbered from 1 to n. The initial balance of each account is stored in a 0-indexed integer array balance, with the (i + 1)th account having an initial balance of balance[i].

Execute all the valid transactions. A transaction is valid if:

  • The given account number(s) are between 1 and n, and
  • The amount of money withdrawn or transferred from is less than or equal to the balance of the account.

Implement the Bank class:

  • Bank(long[] balance) Initializes the object with the 0-indexed integer array balance.
  • boolean transfer(int account1, int account2, long money) Transfers money dollars from the account numbered account1 to the account numbered account2. Return true if the transaction was successful, false otherwise.
  • boolean deposit(int account, long money) Deposit money dollars into the account numbered account. Return true if the transaction was successful, false otherwise.
  • boolean withdraw(int account, long money) Withdraw money dollars from the account numbered account. Return true if the transaction was successful, false otherwise.

Example 1:

Input
["Bank", "withdraw", "transfer", "deposit", "transfer", "withdraw"]
[[[10, 100, 20, 50, 30]], [3, 10], [5, 1, 20], [5, 20], [3, 4, 15], [10, 50]]
Output
[null, true, true, true, false, false]

Explanation
Bank bank = new Bank([10, 100, 20, 50, 30]);
bank.withdraw(3, 10);    // return true, account 3 has a balance of $20, so it is valid to withdraw $10.
// Account 3 has $20 - $10 = $10.
bank.transfer(5, 1, 20); // return true, account 5 has a balance of $30, so it is valid to transfer $20.
// Account 5 has $30 - $20 = $10, and account 1 has $10 + $20 = $30.
bank.deposit(5, 20);     // return true, it is valid to deposit $20 to account 5.
// Account 5 has $10 + $20 = $30.
bank.transfer(3, 4, 15); // return false, the current balance of account 3 is $10,
// so it is invalid to transfer $15 from it.
bank.withdraw(10, 50);   // return false, it is invalid because account 10 does not exist.

Constraints:

  • n == balance.length
  • 1 <= n, account, account1, account2 <= 100000
  • 0 <= balance[i], money <= 1000000000000
  • At most 104 calls will be made to each function transfer, deposit, withdraw.

题目大意 #

你的任务是为一个很受欢迎的银行设计一款程序,以自动化执行所有传入的交易(转账,存款和取款)。银行共有 n 个账户,编号从 1 到 n 。每个账号的初始余额存储在一个下标从 0 开始的整数数组 balance 中,其中第 (i + 1) 个账户的初始余额是 balance[i] 。

请你执行所有 有效的 交易。如果满足下面全部条件,则交易 有效 :

  • 指定的账户数量在 1 和 n 之间,且
  • 取款或者转账需要的钱的总数 小于或者等于 账户余额。

实现 Bank 类:

  • Bank(long[] balance) 使用下标从 0 开始的整数数组 balance 初始化该对象。
  • boolean transfer(int account1, int account2, long money) 从编号为 account1 的账户向编号为 account2 的账户转帐 money 美元。如果交易成功,返回 true ,否则,返回 false 。
  • boolean deposit(int account, long money) 向编号为 account 的账户存款 money 美元。如果交易成功,返回 true ;否则,返回 false 。
  • boolean withdraw(int account, long money) 从编号为 account 的账户取款 money 美元。如果交易成功,返回 true ;否则,返回 false 。

解题思路 #

根据题意进行简单模拟

代码 #

package leetcode

type Bank struct {
	accounts []int64
	n        int
}

func Constructor(balance []int64) Bank {
	return Bank{
		accounts: balance,
		n:        len(balance),
	}
}

func (this *Bank) Transfer(account1 int, account2 int, money int64) bool {
	if account1 > this.n || account2 > this.n {
		return false
	}
	if this.accounts[account1-1] < money {
		return false
	}
	this.accounts[account1-1] -= money
	this.accounts[account2-1] += money
	return true
}

func (this *Bank) Deposit(account int, money int64) bool {
	if account > this.n {
		return false
	}
	this.accounts[account-1] += money
	return true
}

func (this *Bank) Withdraw(account int, money int64) bool {
	if account > this.n {
		return false
	}
	if this.accounts[account-1] < money {
		return false
	}
	this.accounts[account-1] -= money
	return true
}

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